Georgia is a country in Caucasus region. To the east of the Black Sea, most of which is located in the South Caucasus, while a portion of the territory lies in the North Caucasus. A former republic of the Soviet Union, it shares borders with Russia in the north and Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan in the south.

The recorded history of Georgia dates back more than 4,000 years. Known to Greece and Rome as Iberia in the east of the country and Colchis in the west, were among the first nations in the region to adopt Christianity - 317 AD. The Georgian Kingdom reached its zenith in the 12th to early 13th centuries. This period has been widely termed as Georgia's Golden Age.

In 1995 Eduard Shevardnadze was officially elected as a president of Georgia, and reelected in 2000. At the same time, two regions of Georgia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, quickly became embroiled in disputes with local separatists that led to widespread inter-ethnic violence and wars. Two regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia achieved and maintained de facto independence from Georgia.

In 2003 Shevardnadze was deposed by the Rose Revolution, after Georgian opposition and international monitors asserted that the November 2 parliamentary elections were marred by fraud. Mikheil Saakashvili was elected as President of Georgia in 2004. Restoring Georgia's territorial integrity and returning refugees to their home places were the main pre-election promises of Saakashvili's government. Conceding defeat, Saakashvili named Ivanishvili as prime minister and allowed Georgian Dream to create a new government. Georgian Dream's Giorgi Margvelashvili was inaugurated as president on 17 November 2013, ending a tense year of power-sharing between Saakashvili and Ivanishvili. Ivanishvili voluntarily resigned from office after the presidential succession, and Georgia's legislature on 20 November 2013 confirmed Irakli Garibashvili as his replacement. Georgia's recent elections represent unique examples of a former Soviet state that emerged to conduct democratic and peaceful government transitions of power. Popular and government support for integration with the West is high in Georgia. Joining the EU and NATO are among the country's top foreign policy goals.

Today most of the population practices Orthodox Christianity of the Georgian Orthodox Church. The religious minorities are: Muslim, Armenian Apostolic and Roman Catholic.

The culture of Georgia has evolved over the country's long history, providing it with a unique national culture and a strong literary tradition based on the Georgian language and alphabet. This has provided a strong sense of national identity that has helped to preserve Georgian distinctiveness despite repeated periods of foreign occupation and attempted assimilation.

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. You can read full article here!

Basic information

Full country name: Georgia

Government type: Unitary semi-presidential republic

Capital: Tbilisi

Independence: 9 April 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: Independence Day, 26 May (1918); note - 26 May 1918 is the date of independence from Soviet Russia, 9 April 1991 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union

Area: 69,700 sq km

Administrative divisions: 9 regions (mkharebi, singular - mkhare), 9 cities (k'alak'ebi, singular - k'alak'i), and 2 autonomous republics (avtomnoy respubliki, singular - avtom respublika)

Population: 3,729,635 (2014 census)

Ethnic groups: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)

Language: Georgian 71% - official, Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%
note: Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia

Religion: Orthodox Christian 83.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, Muslim 9.9%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)

GDP - per capita: $ 3,596 (2012 est.)

Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 55.6%, industry: 8.9%, services: 35.5% (2006 est.)

Unemployment rate: 13.6% (2006 est.)

Population growth rate: -0.325% (2009 est.)

Source: The World Factbook. You can read full article here!

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