Full country name  Russian Federation
Capital Moscow


17,098,246 km2

Administrative divisions

46 oblasts, 22 republics, 9 krais, 4 autonomous okrugs, 3 federal cities (Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Sevastopol) and1 autonomous oblast


143,759,445 (excluding Crimea, 2021 census)
Ethnic groups 80.9% Russian 3.9% Tatar 1.4% Ukrainian 1.1% Bashkir 1.0% Chuvash 1.0% Chechen 10.7% Other


73% Christianity —70% Russian Orthodoxy —3% Other Christian 15% No religion 10% Islam 2% Other




Russian ruble (₽) (RUB)

Government type

Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic


Vladimir Putin

Human Development Index

0.824 | 52nd
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Russia, country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. Once the preeminent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.; commonly known as the Soviet Union), Russia became an independent country after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.

Russia is a land of superlatives. By far the world’s largest country, it covers nearly twice the territory of Canada, the second largest. It extends across the whole of northern Asia and the eastern third of Europe, spanning 11 time zones and incorporating a great range of environments and landforms, from deserts to semiarid steppes to deep forests and Arctic tundra. Russia contains Europe’s longest river, the Volga, and its largest lake, Ladoga. Russia also is home to the world’s deepest lake, Baikal, and the country recorded the world’s lowest temperature outside the North and South poles.

Source : Britannica

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