Inclusion in Eastern Partnership Countries and Russia

This long-term project aims at designing support measures and non-formal training activities in the framework of Erasmus+: Youth in Action programme in Eastern Partnership Countries and Russia.

These activities will be based on expertise of relevant stakeholders and needs analysis of practitioners in the field of youth.
This should in the future contribute to an impact on youth worker's education and further the Inclusion of young people with fewer opportunities from the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia in the Erasmus+ YiA Programme.


  • Design of support measures and non-formal training activities for youth worker in the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia dealing with Inclusion based on a needs analysis in the framework of Erasmus+ Youth in Action programme.
  • Foster the capacity building and competence development of youth workers in the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia in regards to Inclusion
  • Raise awareness about Inclusion and the possibilities of the Erasmus+ Youth in Action Programme


  • Reach organisation in the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia working with disadvantaged young people and empower them to use Erasmus+: Youth in Action Programme
  • Foster the development of high quality inclusion projects of experienced organisations with Erasmus+: Youth in Action in the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia
  • Raise the amount of good quality inclusion projects in the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia

Target group

  • Organisations, youth workers, youth trainers from the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia working with young people with fewer opportunities

Project timeline

Phase one (2014/2015) – Experts Meeting Round Table, Needs Analysis and Pilot Research

Experts Meeting Round Table brought together experts from the field of Inclusion of young people with fewer opportunities in the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia to discuss the current situation, needs and obstacles of youth work in the region in regards to Inclusion.

The expert roundtable meeting took place in Misaktsieli, Georgia on October 10-11, 2014 and gathered practitioners, researchers and trainers from the region and programme countries familiar with the topic, the region and the programme Erasmus+, youth workers from the region, representatives from SALTO Inclusion, SALTO EECA and the involved National Agencies.

Its aim was to share best preactices in the field of inclusion in the region, discuss obstacles that youth workers face in their countries while working with your with fewer opportunities as well as discuss a pilot research proposal prepared by the project researcher, Abel Polese, Senior Research Fellow at Tallin University.

Round Table in Georgia

Pilot research:

Based on the recommendations of the round table an appropriate method for gathering evidence from the field a pilot phase was designed and implemented. It took 5 months and was finalised in march 2015.
It was done by a qualitative (questionnaires and interviews) research methods.
Aim: to reach a representative sample of youth workers from the region to test the research approach and methods.
Outcomes: The pilot research highlighted the lack of beneficial effects of previous programmes targeting the region, and in particular dealing with social inclusion as well as lack of a long term strategy in the field of inclusion in all the countries. The result of the pilot phase was the decision to prepare more detailed study on the topic of inclusion, in order to better tailor further financial instruments to the region, as well as to find out how to leave the vicious circle of the big cities where the majority of the international projects are implemented.

Phase two – Research (2015/2016)

Phase two includes the finalisation of the research design and the implementation of the research, aiming to involve a broad number of youth workers from the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia to gather evidence in regards to the Inclusion in youth work. In addition desk research of policy developments of the countries in the Region is envisioned to get a comprehensive overview.

The whole research is coordinated by Abel Polese, who was also responsible for the pilot research. In this phase the research is supported by a group of local researchers - experts on inclusion - from each of the countries of EaP and from Russia who will conduct interviews with youth workers in their local languages.
Analysis of the research should be done by early 2016 at the latest and should help to create a long term strategy on Inclusion for the EECA region and follow-up activities.

The team of researchers

Further Steps (2016 and beyond)

Based on the analysis a set training courses, seminars and youth work education curricula and support mechanisms should be designed. For this the Institutions will work together with trainers of the youth field as well as relevant stakeholders from other (educational) sectors or decision makers from the region to maximise the impact.
The activities should be either continuous or recurrent and should be implemented from 2016 onwards. Depending on the nature of the training and educational activities a regular monitoring should take place. Nonetheless it is envisioned to have evaluation of the whole cooperation by the end of the current Erasmus+ Youth in Action programme.


This long term cooperation tackles the joint conclusions of the Eastern partnership Youth Forum (22nd – 25th October 2013, Kaunas, Lithuania), and more concretely the need to “Maximise the impact of youth work and non-formal education/learning on the inclusion of young people” and especially the Need for training and recognition in this regard

[…] More specifically, youth workers need support and training in inclusion, diversity, participatory approaches, citizenship, democratic processes and human rights education. They should be empowered to identify and react to the needs of young people and the communities they work in. Training courses, competency recognition and qualification processes need to be developed and implemented.

Quality inclusion youth work practices contribute to the recognition of youth work. […]”

All involved institutions have a long history of cooperation with the region or the topic of Inclusion and on designing training activities on these areas. This cooperation should build on existing expertise of the involved institutions and add expertise from relevant stakeholders from the fields of Inclusion of young people with fewer opportunities or cooperation with Eastern Partnership countries and Russia as well as the needs of practitioners in the field of youth.

Definition of Inclusion (based on the Erasmus+ Programme Guide)

The Erasmus+ Programme aims at promoting equity and inclusion by facilitating the access to learners with disadvantaged backgrounds and fewer opportunities compared to their peers. These persons have a disadvantage because of personal difficulties or obstacles that limit or prevent them from taking part in transnational projects. The obstacles or difficulties these persons may face are categorised below:

  • disability (i.e. participants with special needs): people with mental (intellectual, cognitive, learning), physical, sensory or other disabilities;
  • educational difficulties: young people with learning difficulties; early school-leavers; lower qualified persons; young people with poor school performance;
  • economic obstacles: people with a low standard of living, low income, dependence on social welfare system; young people in long-term unemployment or poverty; people who are homeless, people in debt or with financial problems;
  • cultural differences: immigrants or refugees or descendants from immigrant or refugee families; people belonging to a national or ethnic minority; people with linguistic adaptation and cultural inclusion difficulties;
  • health problems: people with chronic health problems, severe illnesses or psychiatric conditions;
  • social obstacles: people facing discrimination because of gender, age, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, disability, etc.; people with limited social skills or anti-social or risky behaviours; people in a precarious situation; (ex-)offenders, (ex-)drug or alcohol abusers; young and/or single parents; orphans;
  • geographical obstacles: people from remote or rural areas; people living in small islands or peripheral regions;

For more information about the project, please contact:

Małgorzata Pawłowska

SALTO Eastern Europe and Caucasus

Fundacja Rozwoju Systemu Edukacji

00-551 Warsaw, Poland


phone: +48 22 46 31 463

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